Homelessness is multi-faceted and affects different groups of people in diverse ways. The causes and consequences of homelessness vary between groups such as families, young people, women escaping domestic violence, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, people with alcohol and other drug problems, people with mental health problems and so on.

Homelessness Australia wants to make the facts about homelessness known, and to build the resolve of the Australian community to address homelessness.

According to the 2011 Census there are 105,237 people who are homeless in Australia (source: ABS) which is a rate of 49 persons in every 10,000 (or just under 0.5% of the population).

Some other key findings:

  • 56% of people who are experiencing homelessness are male, 44% female
  • 39% of people who are experiencing homelessness are living in "severely overcrowded dwellings"
  • 6% of people who are experiencing homelessness are sleeping rough (improvised dwellings, tents or sleeping out)
  • 27% of those experiencing homelessness are in NSW, followed by 22% in VIC
  • The NT has the highest rate of homelessness with 730 per 10,000 people, followed by the ACT with 50 per 10,000. TAS has the lowest rate of homelessness with 31.9 per 10,000